Hospitals and professional societies in Alabama are required to report membership or clinical privileges actions, as stated in Ala. Code § 34-24-59:
(a) The chief administrative officer of each hospital shall report to the Alabama State Board of Medical Examiners any disciplinary action taken concerning any physician when the action is related to professional ethics, negligence, or incompetence in the practice of medicine, moral turpitude, sexual misconduct, abusive or disruptive behavior, or drug or alcohol abuse. Disciplinary action shall include termination, revocation, probation, restriction, denial, failure to renew, suspension, reduction, or resignation of hospital privileges for any of the above reasons. The report shall be in writing and be made within 30 days of the date of the initial action. Failure on the part of a chief administrative officer of a hospital to file a report required under this section shall be a violation of Section 22-21-25(b)(3), and the State Board of Health may, in its discretion, impose upon the hospital found to be in violation, a civil monetary penalty in an amount not to exceed two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) for each violation. All monies collected pursuant to this section shall be retained by the Alabama Department of Public Health and may be expended for any legal purpose including, but not limited to, operational expenses of the department.
(b) Any professional society within this state comprised primarily of physicians, which takes formal disciplinary action against a member shall report the action to the Alabama State Board of Medical Examiners, when the action taken is related to professional ethics, negligence, or incompetence in the practice of medicine, moral turpitude, sexual misconduct, abusive or disruptive behavior, or drug or alcohol abuse. This report shall be in writing and made within 30 days of the action.
(c) Any report made pursuant to this section shall be privileged from discovery and the individual making the report shall be immune from liability.
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